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Photo: EyeEm / Shiv Mer

Testing 1-2-3: An Evaluation Framework for Digital ID With Lessons From India's Aadhaar System

– Africa Portal

An evaluation of India's state issued digital ID, Aadhaar, as a framework for developing African nations

This article evaluates Aadhaar and the system’s trade-offs based on The Evaluation Framework for Digital Identity developed by the Centre for Internet and Society, by looking into how it is used as a rule of law, how well it upholds digital rights, and the potential risks such systems pose upon citizens' privacy and security.

"It’s concerning that the mandatory collection and storage of biometrics is often pushed as an easy solution to establish and authenticate identity in countries with weak civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems and largely undocumented populations."

Through this evaluation, the authors seek to shed light on how such government issued ID systems can be built within developing African nations to ensure those systems are better designed, maintain a high quality of data protection, and are inclusive of all citizens.


(Aadhaar) was hastily implemented in the absence of a comprehensive regulatory framework, is fairly centralized and almost entirely managed by the state, relies heavily on biometric data, and now serves as a legal identity vastly beyond its original welfare delivery purpose

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