Nonnecke, Ruhrmann, and Keroski explore digital ID systems in Argentina, Estonia, Kenya, and China, and analyse how data governance policies and practices affect civil and political rights like data protection, political participation, and diversity inclusion.
By zeroing in their analysis on the effects of data governance policies and practices on civil and political rights, Nonnecke, Ruhrmann, and Keroski provide evidence-based recommendations that could be applicable in a variety of contexts.
They collectively recommend state-led digitized identity management systems should adopt a variety of measures, including:
- Legally binding privacy standards for data collection, use, and sharing
- Cybersecurity standards and use of Fair Information Practice Principles for data collection/ use
- Robust and inclusive mechanisms to enable public consultation, auditing, and objection to data collection/ use
- Restrictions on use of data to track political ideology and civic behavior
- Safeguards for the collection and use of data on vulnerable populations
Read Brandie Nonnecke's Viewpoint blog about the report here.