By exploring rule of law tests, rights-based tests, and risk-based tests, the authors investigate the use of Aadhaar in India from every angle.
After walking readers through the history of Aadhaar, their conclusions are generally skeptical of the national digital ID system, noting its potential but also current issues with implementation. As Trikanad and Sinha state:
These “exclusionary impacts” include murky storage plans and uses for biometric data, no options for recourse in the event of misuse of data, and conflicts of interest by the governing body and implementer UIDAI. As the authors comment: