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Ghana’s Identity Ecosystem

– Africa Digital Rights' Hub

  • Report
  • Posted by Good ID team (Good ID)
  • 3 November 2020

This report provides an overview of ID systems in Ghana, and how they impact people’s rights, access to services, and financial inclusion

There are multiple ID cards that Ghanaian citizens must possess for different purposes, leading to a dangerous amount of data that is not adequately legally protected. The report highlights that these functional cards are used as credentials by people who lack birth certificates, of which there are many, particularly in rural areas.

“This becomes a lifetime albatross around their necks as the birth certificate remains a foundational credential for accessing other important IDs that allow participation in economic and political life.”

The authors give an outline of the major ID systems, including National ID and SIM card registration, and the challenges and potential of each. It also gives recommendations for the governments as well as civil society and development organizations.

The recommendations suggest reforms and policies aimed at strengthening the inclusiveness of Ghana’s IE [identity ecosystem] as well as promoting personal and data privacy rights

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